An acoustic piano usually has a protective wooden case surrounding the soundboard and metal strings, and a row of 88 black and white keys (52 white, 36 black). The strings are sounded when the keys are pressed, and silenced when the keys are released. The note can be sustained, even when the keys are released, by the use of pedals.
Pressing a key on the piano's keyboard causes a padded (often with felt) hammer to strike strings. The hammer rebounds, and the strings continue to vibrate at their resonant frequency. These vibrations are transmitted through a bridge to a soundboard that amplifies by more efficiently coupling the acoustic energy to the air. When the key is released, a damper stops the strings' vibration, ending the sound. Although an acoustic piano has strings, it is usually classified as a percussion instrument because the strings are struck rather than plucked (as with a harpsichord or spinet); in the Hornbostel-Sachs system of instrument classification, pianos are considered chordophones. With technological advances, electric, electronic, and digital pianos have also been developed.
In music, dynamics are instructions in musical notation to the performer about hearing the loudness of a note or phrase. More generally, dynamics may also include other aspects of the execution of a given piece.
The two basic dynamic indications in music are:
p or piano, meaning "soft".
f or forte, meaning "loud".
More subtle degrees of loudness or softness are indicated by:
mp, standing for mezzo-piano, meaning "moderately soft".
mf, standing for mezzo-forte, meaning "moderately loud".
Beyond f and p, there are also
pp, standing for "pianissimo" and meaning "very soft".
ff, standing for "fortissimo" and meaning "very loud".
ppp, standing for "pianississimo" and meaning "very very soft".
fff, standing for "fortississimo" and meaning "very very loud".
Mozart! is an Austrian musical, originally written in German. The original book and lyrics were written by Michael Kunze and the music and arrangements were composed by Sylvester Levay. The show is a new imagining of the struggles of the famous composer.
The original production was directed by the opera director Harry Kupfer. It premiered on October 2, 1999, in the Theater an der Wien, and the final performance was on 7 May 2001. It ran for 419 performances, showing to approximately 420,000 patrons.
The production appealed especially to younger Viennese audiences. Subsequent productions have been mounted in:
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (German:[ˈvɔlfɡaŋ amaˈdeːʊs ˈmoːtsaʁt], English see fn.; 27 January 1756– 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era. Born in Salzburg, Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood. Already competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty.
At 17, Mozart was engaged as a musician at the Salzburg court, but grew restless and traveled in search of a better position. While visiting Vienna in 1781, he was dismissed from his Salzburg position. He chose to stay in the capital, where he achieved fame but little financial security. During his final years in Vienna, he composed many of his best-known symphonies, concertos, and operas, and portions of the Requiem, which was largely unfinished at the time of his death. The circumstances of his early death have been much mythologized. He was survived by his wife Constanze and two sons.
For the piano-playing twin Naughton Sisters, the Poulenc concerto has a sensibility that reflects much of the pianists’ performances ... The two-piano concerto mixes contrasting elements from Mozart references to sounds suggesting Indonesian gamelan music while its tone ranges from light and playful to reflective.
Have you noticed that organic foods seem a little different this year?. Suddenly it’s no longer enough just to be labeled “organic." ... Here's an example. Do you only want a “Cobb Salad”? ... That is, she grew up pecking away at organic corn and nine other natural grains, and she greatly enjoyed listening to Mozart’s beautiful "PianoConcerto in G major, K ... .
His recording of the BusoniPianoConcerto is absolutely astonishing ... His performances of the Mozart piano sonatas, recorded live at the Wigmore Hall in London and issued on CD beginning in 2013, transformed public perception of him. He has come to be viewed as a Mozart specialist ... But then I did have to learn Mozart’s D minorFantasy, K397.
What are you doing here?’ were the first words ever addressed to me by Charles, Prince of Wales, at a cocktail party in Calgary, Alberta... He was not used to the ‘posh’ papers trailing around after him ... I demurred ... A ... As I was shown up the imposing staircase to Diana’s private quarters, I could hear a Mozart piano concerto tinkling in the background ... .
Admirers of Víkingur Ólafsson who were unable to get to his London recital should not feel too disappointed if they already own his latest disc, Mozart and his Contemporaries ... It seemed a rather odd indulgence – there’s plenty more minor-key piano music by Mozart he did not play, not least the A minorRondo, K511, one of his greatest keyboard works.
A new Sarasota Orchestra season gets underway this weekend with DiscoverMozart “Rebirth.” It marks the first time the full orchestra has been able to perform as an ensemble since the pandemic shutdown concert programs in March 2020 ... It features the rising young pianist Dominic Cheli performing Mozart’s PianoConcerto No. 20 in D Minor, K. 466 ... today ... .